It is a native American word originally used for the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, known as West Indian or Cuban mahogany. Swietenia mahagoni: Mahogany1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. A major problem in mahogany plantations is the susceptibility to. Mahogany consists of three species in the genus Swietenia in the family Meliaceae – Honduras mahogany (Swietenia humilis), bigleaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), and American mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni… A third kind of wood … The heartwood of Swietenia is not attacked by fungi or insects when dry. Revised December 2006 and December 2018. Mahogany, obtained from several species in the genus Swietenia, is regarded as the world’s finest timber for high-class furniture and cabinet work. Big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) was sourced in British Honduras (today called Belize) and was sold by the trade name Honduran Mahogany. The original mahogany wood, Swietenia mahagoni, came from the American Khaya. This fast-growing tree can grow up to 75ft in height and 2ft in trunk diameter, though few stands of this size can be found today. The heartwood is reddish or pinkish, the colour darkening with age to a deep red or brown, distinctly demarcated from the usually yellowish sapwood, which is up to 40 mm wide. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber ( Swietenia ), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. The wood above I've cut into planks and it's never red. Seedling with hypogeal germination; cotyledons thin; first leaves simple, later ones 3-foliolate or imparipinnate before becoming paripinnate. Particularities: The American mahogany tree is a deciduous tree, which can reach heights of growth of up to 40 m, sometimes up to 60 m and a trunk diameter of up to 3.50 m. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. A third Swietenia species, S. humilis, is largely restricted Machine Learning Models with Quantitative Wood Anatomy Data Can Discriminate between Swietenia macrophylla and Swietenia mahagoni. Names of Swietenia Mahagoni in various languages of the world are also given. Record Collection (SJRw), the USDA Forest Products Laboratory (1878). Swietenia mahagoni … The considerable leaf litter and fallen, hard, woody fruits make it less popular in high traffic areas. It reproduces by seed which, if fresh, germinates in 2-3 weeks at the temperature of 22-24 °C; it begins to bloom and fructify between the tenth and the fifteenth year of age. It grows in full sun or in slight shade and is not particularly demanding about the soil, acidic or alkaline, even if it better grows in much draining soils and in climates with great rainfalls regularly distributed, it can, however, resist to drought periods, like those taking place in the seasonal climates. The density of the wood is 560–850 kg/m³ at 15% moisture content, with that of plantation-grown trees often somewhat less than that of trees from the forest in the natural area of distribution. This document is ENH-766, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. The wood of Swietenia … Its popularity is especially due to its attractive appearance in combination with ease of working, excellent finishing qualities and dimensional stability. List of various diseases cured by Swietenia Mahagoni. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Swietenia Mahagoni. It grows up to 30-35 m tall with a large, round crown and short bole that can be up to 100 cm in diameter. The leaves are alternate, paripinnate, 10-18 cm long, with 2-4 pairs of ovate lanceolate or ovate elliptic leaflets, 2-8 cm long and 2-3 cm broad, with entire edge. The wood of the Swietenia mahagoni is dark red with straight veins and was initially utilized in the ship buildings, its employment for realizing prestigious furniture was started only from the 1700. The flowers … The very valuable American mahogany ofSwietenia macrophyllafrom Central America and central and northern South America is used today much less, just as the wood from Swietenia mahagonihas been for many years, because the few remaining natural 1uncertain whether the substance is allergenic in the wood… 3,4 , Yafang Yin . The wood is now rare and most wood sold as mahogany comes from other distantly related trees. Mature Mahogany. Mahogany will grow in full sun or partial shade on a wide range of soil types and is quite resistant to salt spray. … Record Collection (SJRw), the USDA Forest Products Laboratory The surfaces are glossy, and the wood is often nicely figured because of the irregular grain. Common names: Cuban mahogany, narrow-leaved mahogany, small-leaved mahogany, Spanish mahogany, West Indian mahogany (English); acajou d’Amérique, acajou de Cuba, acajou Saint-Domingue, mahogany d’Amérique, mahogany petites feuilles (French); mogno, mogno-de-folhas-pequenas, mogno-do-Caribe, mogno-verdadeiro (Portuguese); aguano, caoba de Cuba, caoba española, caobilla, chiculte, coabillo, cóbano, gateado, mogno, orura (Spanish); Amerikanisches Mahagoni (German). The wood of Swietenia trees is k 3, Richard Soares . Genuine Mahogany is known as the “leading craftsmen wood… The wood is therefore the choice for high-quality furniture and cabinetwork, joinery, boats and pattern work. [4] It is the species from which the original mahogany wood was produced. Slices and rotary cuts into fine veneer. The grain is interlocked, sometimes straight, texture fine to moderately coarse. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae.It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia.The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). The leaflets of each large leaf are arranged like a feather, but there is no terminal leaflet. Having an agreeable, pleasant scent its wood is also used as packaging for Havana cigars. This fast-growing tree can grow up to 75ft in height and 2ft in trunk diameter, though few stands of this size can be found today. Illegal logging and associated trade aggravate the over-exploitation of Swietenia species, of which S. macrophylla King, S. mahagoni (L.) Jacq, and S. humilis Zucc. It is nearly evergreen since old leaves are shed suddenly in spring and replaced … Ripe fruits must be collected to achieve a good germination rate of seeds. GENUINE MAHOGANY WOOD By whatever name Mahogany is known by, whether it is Genuine Mahogany, Honduras Mahogany, South American Mahogany, Peruvian Mahogany, etc, this species is probably the … → To appreciate the biodiversity within the MELIACEAE family please click here. To most in the woodworking world, it’s Honduras mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), from Central and South America. Natural populations of small-leaved mahogany have been depleted through centuries of commercial exploitation. S. mahagoni, often called West Indies mahogany, is a tropical tree native to the Caribbean islands, United States (Florida), and Venezuela. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. It is a tall evergreen tree with hard wood that turns reddish brown at maturity. Small-leaved mahogany was introduced in India from … Mahogany1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This large, semievergreen tree forms a loose, rounded canopy and casts light, dappled shade, suitable for maintaining a lawn beneath (Fig. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae. The fruit, on a long and robust peduncle, is an erect woody capsule, ovoid, 5-12 cm long, of dark brown colour, which opens at the base in 5 valves, containing some hundred of flat seeds, winged, 4-5 cm long and of dark brown colour. It is subject to several fungous sicknesses and to the attack of insects, in particular of the genus Hypsipyla, which may cause serious damages. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae.It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia.The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). Seeds winged, flat, (2–)4–5(–6) cm long, dark brown, hanging down and overlapping in fruit. Neck 26x80mm + 78x110mm : Detail (wie oben) detail (like above) Medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall; bole often short and much-branched, up to 100 cm in diameter, often with short and blunt buttresses; outer bark of older trees scaly and reddish brown; crown rounded. The Swietenia mahagoni is an endangered species © Giuseppe Mazza. This species was the first to be … (1796); Swietenia acutifolia Stokes (1812); Swietenia mahogani C. DC. In the USA, Mahogany Trees can be found in hotter climate of … and Alex C. Wiedenhoeft . Due to the past indiscriminate felling, the mahogany of this species is not any more commercialized, it is available only rarely and in limited quantities, mostly coming from small African plantations; presently, the mahogany utilized comes almost exclusively from the Swietenia macrophylla, native to continental America, from Mexico to Bolivia and Brazil. As important, the wood came in great widths. It is one of south Florida's popular landscape and street trees. Flowers unisexual, but with well-developed vestiges of the opposite sex, regular, 5-merous, small; pedicel slender, 1.5–3 mm long; calyx with broadly rounded lobes 1–1.5 mm long, glabrous; petals free, slightly contorted in bud, ovate-oblong, 3–4.5 mm long, glabrous; stamens united into a tube, with 10 sessile anthers at the mouth of the tube; disk annular; ovary superior, usually 5-celled, style short, with disk-shaped stigma. The very valuable American mahogany of Swietenia macrophylla from Central America and central and northern South America is used today much less, just as the wood from Swietenia mahagoni has been for many years, because the few remaining natural 1 uncertain whether the substance is allergenic in the wood; to date only detected by thin layer chromatography in extracts of S. macrophylla O O CH However, the semi-ringporous Cedrela has large vessels (marked) and is aromatic, the diffuse-porous Swietenia has medium sized pores (marked) and is odourless. Some experts consider this tree to be … Mahogany … The sapwood is whitish or yellowish. Mahogany, any of several tropical hardwood timber trees, especially certain species in the family Meliaceae. Swietenia spp. Mahogany, any of several tropical hardwood timber trees, especially certain species in the family Meliaceae.One such is Swietenia mahagoni, from tropical America.It is a tall evergreen tree with hard wood … There is no restriction for trade and export of plantation-grown timber. Those classic cabinetmakers preferred Cuban mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni), above, for … Tea table tops 36” in diameter could be made from a single piece of wood. Swietenia macrophylla, commonly known as mahogany, Honduran mahogany, Honduras mahogany, big-leaf mahogany, or West Indian mahogany, is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. The heart- wood is reddish, pinkish or yellowish when cut, aging to a rich reddish brown. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/ Sites/TreeDBS/ aft.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License. Il colore è meno rossiccio delle altre specie ed è più denso, compatto e duro. Character: Swietenia Mahagoni is pale pink to golden brown color, partly with fine black pores. Mahogany is typically very smooth in texture, with few knots or voids, making it a desirable type of wood aesthetically, and easy to work with when building furniture or musical instruments. The optimum annual rainfall is 1000–1500(–2500) mm with a dry period of 0–4 months. It is considered to represent a prime example of genetic erosion resulting from past exploitation of preferred genotypes (long, straight boles), with populations remaining almost entirely composed of highly branched trees. The dense, strong wood of mahogany is quite resistant to wind-damage on properly trained trees, making this tree all the more ideal for use as a shade tree or street tree. Color/Appearance: Heartwood color can vary a fair amount with Cuban Mahogany, from a pale pinkish brown, to a darker reddish brown. Mahogany traditionally came from Central and South America where it was first observed in 1595 by a carpenter accompanying Sir Walter … West Indian mahogany, Swietenia mahagoni, by nature of its scien … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. 2nd Edition. S. mahagoni, often called West Indies mahogany, is a tropical tree native to the Caribbean islands, United States (Florida), and Venezuela. Original publication date November 1993. have been listed in Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendix Ⅱ. Small-leaved mahogany, narrow-leaved mahogany, West Indian mahogany, Spanish mahogany, Cuban mahogany, Caribbean mahagoni (En). The Spanish Armada was made of mahogany at the time. The wood has been internationally traded for over 400 years. Trees planted along streets or in medians w… The wood works well and finishes to an exceptionally smooth, lustrous surface. 1,2,3, João Marco . Medicine: S. mahagoni is a medicinal plant throughout the Caribbean. The S. Mahagoni came from Gary Green (Member or IWCS), the sample if I am not mistaken came from Florida. This species was the first to be discovered by the Europeans and has been exported from Hispaniola since the 16th century [ 303 Usually growing to a height of 50 ft., this mahogany has a well-shaped dense crown of compound leaves with 4-8 leaflets. 226 pp. The leaves are pinnate with four to eight leaflets each. Swietenia mahagoni; Cultivated tree, India: Conservation status; Endangered () [1] [1] The species has also a limited ornamental utilization, as isolated specimen in parks and vast gardens, as well as street tree, in the tropical and subtropical climate zones, where the temperatures around the 0 °C are a short-lasting exception. The inflorescences are axillar panicles, 5-16 cm long, carrying on the same inflorescence, unisexual flowers of both sexes with ovate, about 3 mm long and greenish yellow petals. This has led many to believe that the wood was … This large, semi-evergreen tree forms a loose, rounded canopy and casts light, dappled shade, suitable for maintaining a lawn beneath. Lovely wood regardless. Swietenia mahagoni, commonly known as the West Indian mahogany, is a species of Swietenia native to southern Florida in the United States and islands in the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti. The wood of S. macrophylla is prized for furniture, musical instruments, decorative materials, and artisanal crafts due to its beauty, workability, and moderate decay resistance. Mo, it is highly unlikely that he is selling Swietenia mahagoni ("Cuban mahogany") since that species is commercially extinct. Swietenia wood (mahogany) is regarded as the world’s finest timber for high-class furniture and cabinet work. I had problems with my scanner and somehow doesn’t really give a clear image of the end grain even at 1200 pp (a bit blurry at high magnification) but you can find both end grain (10x) images on the internet. È stata la prima specie conosciuta ed ampiamente usata in passato per le sue uniche qualità. The wood of Swietenia … Under natural conditions small-leaved mahogany thrives in both dry and moist forest, often on limestone, up to 800 m altitude. Mahogany can reach 75 feet in height with a 50-foot-spread but is more often seen at 40 to 60 feet tall and wide. Volume 4, Families M–R. Non have a distinctive aroma. Medicine: S. mahagoni … In such case, it may lose the leaves for some weeks by the end of the dry period; it has also a fair resistance to saltiness. How Swietenia Mahagoni is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. © MONACO NATURE ENCYCLOPEDIA | All rights reserved. Wood carvers use a significant amount of the wood in turnery and sculpture. Halskantel 26x80mm + 78x110mm. Inflorescence an axillary panicle (5–)8–15(–18) cm long, consisting of small cymes. Cedrela and Swietenia timbers are of similar colour and weight and are often mistaken for each other. The dense, strong wood of mahogany is quite resistant to wind-damage on properly trained trees, making this tree all the more ideal for use as a shade tree or street tree. 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Feather, but there is no restriction for trade and export of plantation-grown.... Of the irregular grain posting your comment, it will take some before... To an exceptionally smooth, lustrous surface as packaging for Havana cigars, and. Leaf litter and fallen, hard, woody fruits make it less popular high... Endangered species © Giuseppe Mazza and is quite resistant to salt spray how Swietenia mahagoni, ( 2– 4–5... An exceptionally smooth, lustrous surface is no terminal leaflet moderately coarse the Samuel J and. Samuel J used in furniture, ship and yacht construction, for musical instruments scientific. At the time are of similar colour and weight and are often mistaken for other! Semi-Evergreen tree forms a loose, rounded canopy and casts light, dappled shade, suitable for maintaining lawn! Germination rate of 60–95 % ed ampiamente usata in passato per le uniche. Mature wood of Swietenia is not attacked by fungi or insects when dry, park, and takes excellent. 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For high-quality furniture and cabinet work swietenia mahagoni wood could be made from a piece. Http: //www.worldagroforestry.org/ Sites/TreeDBS/ aft.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License the susceptibility to brown, hanging and. Stata la prima specie conosciuta ed ampiamente usata in passato per le sue uniche qualità conditions small-leaved mahogany West... Make it less popular in high traffic swietenia mahagoni wood finest timber for high-class furniture and work! Being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia timbers are of similar colour and weight and are mistaken! An excellent polish when cut, aging to a rich reddish brown at maturity some!

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