With leaves remaining on the plant during the winter, the plant can photosynthesize later in the year and earlier in the spring than many other plants. Medicinal use of Sage Brush: Sage brush was widely employed by many native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a wide range of disorders. Ceremonially, it was used by various tribes to become spiritually clean. Abedus Press, 2009. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Considerable quantities of Desert Sage are eaten by sage grouse, rabbits, mule deer, elk, pronghorn and domestic sheep. Sagebrush can take advantage of the long growing season, photosynthesizing even when temperatures are near freezing. : Because of its wide range of adaptation and ease of establishment, big sagebrush can be a very important species for use in revegetation efforts. It is little used in modern herbalism, though it certainly deserves further investigation. The wood was used as fuel, and the stringy bark was used in the manufacture of ropes and baskets. This are the plants used for dreams. Moreman, Daniel E., Native American Medicinal Plants. These areas, known as leks, are the scenes of early morning activity in which males inflate yellow air sacs located in their chest, puff up their feathers and spread their tail feathers before strutting around the lek in the attempt to bond with one or more females. It is also being investigated in treatment of breast cancer. Big sagebrush is an aromatic, woody shrub, freely branched above, from 4-30 dm tall. The leaves, which contain camphor, were also used medicinally for coughs, colds, headaches, stomach aches, fevers and to relieve pain during child birthing. It is mentioned as a boundary medicine wash in Marjory Wildcraft and Doug Simons’ video Treating Infections without Antibiotics (transcript). Ute Indians wove the shredded bark into wicks for candles, and they made sacks of woven bark and lined them with the grass. FREE Shipping. *   Externally it had many uses including: as a poultice of fresh and dried leaves for chest colds, as a wash made of the leaves and stems for cuts and wounds, as a leaf decoction for an eye wash, the leaves were packed into the nose for headaches, the ground leaves were used as a poultice along with tobacco for fever and headaches, the leaves were powdered and used for diaper rash or packed into shoes for athlete’s infection, a decoction of the leaves were mixed with salt and gargle for sore throat, mashed leaves were used for toothaches, a leaf decoction was used in a bath for muscular ailments. When the plant is boiled, it is said to be good for childbirth, indigestion, and constipation; a tea of the stems and leaves is said to cure colds and fevers. University of Utah, Anthropological Papers, Number 114, 1989. big sagebrush. The sage grouse use large clearings in the sagebrush habitat to conduct spring mating dances. $14.95 $ 14. Much discussion and disagreement revolves around the question of how to divide the species into varieties and subgenera. The leaves are gray, crowded and narrowly cuneate with 3 rounded teeth or lobes on the blunt tip. (It's Free. Physical Characteristics Artemisia tridentata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in). Sagebrush prefers drier plains, mesas or rocky areas with deep soils. Many animals, however, will feed upon sagebrush when other food resources are scarce. The leaves and the seeds were eaten. Today, the plant is used for smudging in the same manner as other sages. Medical uses: Sagebrush was widely used by many native North American Indian tribes for a wide range of disorders. The evergreen leaves are one quarter inch to two inches long, wedge-shaped and with three or five lobes at the tip. Big sagebrush gets its name from its stature and its relation to members of the sagebrush group. Seeds are tiny and black. The plant is antirheumatic, antiseptic, digestive, disinfectant, febrifuge, ophthalmic, poultice and sedative. There is much more big sagebrush growing in southern B.C. Timber Press, 2009. A stout trunk bears many side branches that ascend upwards. Poultices of wet leaves were applied to bruises to reduce swelling. “Recent research (also) indicates big sagebrush also has antifungal activity, making it useful for athlete's foot and other related fungal infections.” (30) A few additional uses are reported: “A poultice of the steeped leaves is applied to sore eyes. 2.9 out of 5 stars 6. Young stems are silvery-gray, while the older stems become grayish brown. ), The Desert Environment tridentata - basin big sagebrush - distributed from Washington east to the Dakotas and south to California, Arizona, and New Mexico. All parts of the plant were used including the leaves, stems, seed pods, branches and roots. The plants are found from four thousand to ten thousand feet in elevation. One mature plant may produce up to one million seeds. The wood was burned for fuel or used in construction of dwellings. is related to the Sagebrush, only it is not a woody shrub, it is an herb (botanically speaking, not a tree or shrub). The North American Deserts The essential oils present account for its use in inhalation. Sagebrush essential oil contains approximately 40% l-camphor; 20% pinene; 7% cineole; 5% methacrolein; and 12% a-terpinene, d-camphor, and sesqiterpenoids. Sagebrush is the official state plant, is featured on … Most of artemisia’s research as an antimalarial is focused on Artemisia annua (sweet annie). Dense clusters of tiny yellow or cream-colored flowers are borne along a main stalk with many side stems. Montana’s Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks has identified 7 amphibian/reptile species, 24 mammal species, and 41 bird species that use sagebrush habitats. Sagebrush ecosystems have the largest habitat range in the United States, covering nearly four hundred and seventy thousand square miles across eleven western states. Big sagebrush and other artemisia species are the dominant plants across large portions of the Great Basin. This plant can also grow in vast tracts. She was named after Artemis, the Greek virgin goddess of the hunt and wild nature. Tridentata (tri-den-TAH-ta) means "three toothed," in reference to the three lobes on the tips of most leaves. It also has the famous "sweet" sagebrush smell. Uses for Sagebrush In addition to the medicinal uses for sagebrush, it is important habitat for native birds, small rodents and reptiles. An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Sagebrush plants grow best if they come from the same habitat they are planted into. This is by no means a definitive article but a written documentation of my search through the literature related to traditional uses and potential current applications. Try again later. Many of its traditional uses can be attributed to artemisia’s active medicinal constituents including camphor, terpenoids, and tannins. The oldest stems have bark which is noticeably shredded. 95. Sagebrush was used by Native Americans for ritual incense, shelter, cordage, and basketry. My exploration of plants always starts through the eyes of First Peoples/Native American’s, who have had a long relationship with using artemisia species throughout North America. About Big Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) 26 Nurseries Carry This Plant. A. t. subsp. Often, purplish insect galls occur on the plant. See also the sagebrush entry from Herbalpedia.com. Mugwort (Sagewort) herbaceous Artemisia sp. The leaves and the seeds were also eaten. An infusion of the leaves is used as a hair rinse, it treats dandruff and falling hair. Adams, James D., Garcia, Cecilia.,  Healing with Medicinal Plants of the West. Big sagebrush was considered an important medicinal plant by native peoples, and teas made from the leaves were used to cure a great variety of ailments from stomach disorders to eye soreness. Any number of tribes used artemisia tridentata including tribes affiliated with my bio-region, Okanagan-Colville, Paiute, Shuswap and the Thompson. More than seventy percent of the sage grouse's diet consists of sagebrush leaves and buds. Cancelled – Ask Benton County Commissioners to Sign Opposition to I-1639, Suggested Radio Equipment for Community Safety, Artemisia Tridentata-Big Sagebrush, a Valuable Medicinal Herb. There are many references to artemisia being inhaled for headaches, for spiritual cleansing, to produce sweat and rid the body of colds, respiratory infections and pulmonary issues. Many of the tribes used it similarly. The wood was burned for fuel or used in construction of dwellings. In a  search of artemisia on the USDA plants database in Oregon there are 150 species of artemisia that appear. Cows and sheep often graze in areas where big sagebrush grows. Flowering stems grow near the ends of the branches and numerous side branches. Big Sagebrush was also used by some tribes as a building material, fuel source, and a plant to make yellow dye. Navajo weavers boiled the leaves and flowers to create a yellow-gold color, used to dye wool. These are caused by the chemical secretions of insects that alter the plant’s growth cells, which then form a protective covering around the insect's larvae. I live in the … The leaves have a turpentine fragrance, and after a rainstorm, they perfume the air with a sweet, pungent aroma. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. *  There are many references to it being used internally as an infusion or decoction, but as one informant indicated it was too strong and powerful to drink, “you wouldn’t have any more kids, no children”. It has the distinctive 3 lobed leaves and tiny disk flowers. Big sagebrush. California sagebrush is considered one of the most medicinally useful plants. Add to My Plant List; Also known by the names Common Sagebrush, Blue/Black Sagebrush or Mountain Sagebrush, it is a shrub or small tree from the family Asteraceae. Big sagebrush buds in June and flowers in fall. The focus of this blog is to explore the use of Artemisia tridentata, which is mostly relegated to the western states. The leaves contain aromatic volatile oils to prevent herbivores from digesting their leaves. The wood was burned for fuel or used in construction of dwellings. Silver Sagebrush Seeds … Big Sagebrush Seeds; Desert Sage (Artemisia tridentata) 100+ Medicinal Herb Seeds in FROZEN SEED CAPSULES for The Gardener & Rare Seeds Collector - Plant Seeds Now or Save Seeds for Years. Identification Tips. Three toothed, '' in reference to the western states focus of blog... Feet tall by Native Americans database in Oregon oils present account for its use in inhalation southwest Asia Minor.. Grasslands, big sagebrush and other artemisia species and how to harvest a,. Sagebrush can take advantage of the Artemisias are complex and confusing valuable forage plant for wildlife, during! Burned for fuel or used in modern herbalism, though others advocate different systems June and to. Ruler of Ceria ( southwest Asia Minor ) from four thousand to ten feet! Even when temperatures are near freezing the chemicals responsible big sagebrush uses the odor may cause in... Region of the sagebrush habitat to conduct spring mating dances including the contain! 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